These topics focus on the health and wellness benefits of Pure Water.

Benefits of Chewable Ice  

Chewable ice is like a dream come true for countless people who love to chomp on ice. There are various benefits to chewing ice, largely based on health conditions, but hard chunks of ice can be very damaging to teeth. When you chew on chewable ice, less stress is placed on the teeth plus you still get the enjoyment that makes it a habit of sorts.

Benefits of chewing ice

Chewable ice has benefits mostly because those who habitually chew on ice can avoid more damaging forms of frozen water and at the same time get more gratification out of it. The following are among the reasons people find themselves passionate about ice-crunching:

  • Individuals who have an iron deficiency often develop the habit of chewing ice. According to experts, the ice provides relief from discomfort in the mouth or oral inflammations, caused by a deficiency of iron. A recent study shows that, for people who are anemic, ice is similar to drinking a cup of strong coffee. People suffering from anemia often become foggy-brained and fatigued, and the ice helps to get more blood to the brain quickly, providing a perky feeling.
  • Chewing ice can provide relief for dry mouth and for the discomfort that occurs when a person stops smoking cigarettes. It is also a stress-relieving and boredom-relieving habit as well as a strategy people use to eat less and lose weight.
  • Pregnant women find relief from ice chewing for various reasons. Morning sickness is often relieved by chewing ice, especially since food can bring on fresh waves of nausea. Heartburn is a typical problem during pregnancy, and the ice soothes a tortured esophagus. Increased blood volume during pregnancy can mean feeling much more uncomfortably hot that normal. Finally, iron deficiency, mentioned above, is a common problem during pregnancy, one that ice-crunching relieves.

Chewable Ice

Chewable ice has all kinds of nicknames, such as pellets, pebbles, Nuggets, and Chewblets, the last two of which have names given by ice machine manufacturers. Whatever you call chewable ice, it’s a much better ice-chewing alternative to the hard chunks that can break off tooth enamel.

Chewable ice is created very differently than cubed ice, as the process starts with producing flakes, similar to shave ice! Inside a chewable or Chewblet ice machine, water runs through a metal cylinder which is cooled by refrigeration. Water freezes in small sheets that stick out from the side of the cylinder. While this is happening, a scraper, scrapes the inside of the cylinder, removing the forming ice pieces and moving them up to the top of the scraper. An arm pushes the ice through a small tube and compacts it into a semi-solid piece. The ice is pushed all the way through the tube (extruded) and a blade cuts the ice into pieces as it exits the tube. Then the ice drops into the ice machine storage area.

businessman drinking a glass of water

Where to get Chewable Ice

Pure Water Technology offers multiple office drinking water solutions, including a variety of chewable ice machines. Just like their water, this ice has been purified by reverse osmosis, so now your water and ice are completely pure! Visit today to learn about getting a chewable ice machine for your business.


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How do Hurricanes affect our Drinking Water?

Hurricanes affect our Drinking Water?

Hurricanes create danger and destruction on multiple levels, and the impact on drinking water is one that potential victims should especially be prepared for. Common disasters hurricane victims are forced to deal with include power outages, destroyed homes, and flooding. Special precautions are needed for each of these circumstances. Since hydration is a life-sustaining necessity, ensuring a supply of safe drinking water is essential.

How do Hurricanes affect our Drinking Water?

What about hurricane rain?

Conditions in a hurricane can be compared to sailing on the ocean. There can be rain water everywhere, but even the rain should be considered unsafe to drink. Hurricane water is prone to contain contaminants and should therefore not be considered safe for drinking. The following are a few conditions that can impact the quality of hurricane rainwater:

  • While gathering strength over the ocean, a hurricane churns up salt water that is undrinkable.
  • The salt water rain from a hurricane can cause corrosive damage.
  • The chemicals in hurricane water are similar to acid rain, which means that atmospheric pollution that can harm the environment is in the rainwater.
  • Particularly in rural areas, private wells and karsts can rapidly become contaminated by chemicals in fertilizers and other substances, when flooding and heavy rains in a hurricane cause high volumes of runoff from fields. A karst is an area in which irregular limestone has eroded and produced underground streams, fissures, caverns, and sinkholes.

Hazards of polluted floodwater and drinking water

Contaminated water is a health risk that can be serious to those most vulnerable, including infants, children, the elderly, and anyone with a weakened immune system. According to FEMA, the contaminants in water following a major flooding event can cause diseases such as cholera, hepatitis, and dysentery. Drinking water can be contaminated after heavy inland flooding has occurred, and wastewater utilities can also be affected.

Tap water can be contaminated during a hurricane when pipes break as a result of things like uprooted trees and washouts. Sewage spills can affect utilities, as well. Good water pressure is a good sign, but water is more likely to be contaminated when there is a lack of pressure. The low water pressure provides evidence that the water has probably become contaminated as a result of unsanitary storm water infiltrating water lines.

Case studies

Superstorm Hurricane Sandy that severely impacted multiple states in 2012 caused massive water damage. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), more than 690 wastewater and drinking water utilities in Washington D.C. plus 11 states were negatively impacted in Hurricane Sandy’s destructive wake.

After 2016 Category 4 storm Hurricane Matthew devastated Haiti, thousands of people suffered from a cholera outbreak connected to a lack of potable water.

Water and hurricane survival

After a hurricane, it is essential to keep in mind that any water could be contaminated, including tap water. Once you realize the hazards associated with hurricane-tainted water, it’s best to ask the right questions from credible sources upfront, such as how to make tap water safe to drink. For businesses, using a purified water cooler is a great step to take to ensure your employees have healthy, safe and pure drinking water available at all times.

Why Does My Water Taste Like This?

Why Does My Water Taste Like This?

You come in from a run or working in the yard and need some water. Turn on the tap, fill a glass and take a nice long drink expecting a refreshing taste.

But what if that doesn’t happen?

Your water might taste off. Maybe it’s the taste of bleach or metal or even just dirt. There isn’t anything you can see in your glass but it certainly isn’t what you expected when turning on your tap.

bad tasting water

The bottom line for you and millions of others drinking water from the tap is that water does indeed have a taste. And in different parts of the country tap water may have its own distinctive taste. Here’s why: As much as 85% of the country gets its water from a municipal water authority with sources such as groundwater, rivers, lakes and even a combination of all of them.[1]

Then, the water must travel through a network of pipes until it reaches your house. What occurs as it travels on its way to you? The water picks up minerals and other compounds that contribute to its overall taste.[2]

The remaining 15% of the country gets its water from private wells, which are sourced entirely from groundwater. This portion of the population must test their water themselves for contaminants which can be costly.[3]

What’s Up with Your Water?

Does the taste of your water correlate with dangerous contaminants in the water supply? Sometimes, but not always. There is research showing that some diseases have been caused by pathogens in the water supply. The Centers for Disease Control [CDC] tested water over a two-year period from 2009 and 2010 and found that 1,040 people became ill from disease they developed from their drinking water. Of those people, 85 were hospitalized and nine died.[4]

The issue researchers are finding is that the link between how your water tastes and what’s actually in it isn’t clear-cut. They say that, for the most part, when you taste something odd in your water it is usually something harmless.[5]

Yet, here’s the concern: The elements to be worried about don’t always have a distinctive taste. For instance, lead has no characteristic taste and, as a matter of fact, can taste slightly sweet.[6]

It’s Really a Scent?

Theresa Slifko is a manager in the water quality lab at Metropolitan Water District of Southern California and says that the “taste” in your water is really more about a smell. In fact, the MWD employs 25 water supply taste and sniff testers to ferret out what could be lurking in tap water and to make sure it tastes the way it should.[7]

Water Flavor Contributors

Susan D. Richardson, a professor of chemistry at the University of South Carolina, says the taste of water depends entirely on where it comes from. For instance, well water will tend to have a slightly chalky taste because it passes through layers of limestone before getting to your well. If you live near a beach, your water could have a sulfur aroma, and egg-like taste due to sulphur-producing microbes in the water.[8]


What causes an earthy smell or taste to the water? This could be the result of some algal blooms in the source water or even from some bacteria in your sink. A bleach-like chlorine taste is courtesy of your municipal water treatment plant. They typically use chlorine to kill bacteria.[9] 

How about a medicinal taste or smell? Corrosion of copper pipes is the culprit, according to the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control.[10]

Animals falling into an open water source could be the cause of a gasoline smell in the water and having zinc, iron or manganese in the water will give off a metallic taste. Does your water taste salty? This is one taste that could be of concern as it may indicate that either human or animal waste may have invaded the water supply. It could also be an increase in chlorides.[11] It’s wise to get this tested as soon as possible even though there could be other reasons for salt water getting into the supply of drinking water.

A fast solution to clean drinking water could be utilizing a point-of-use reverse osmosis filtration system. It will clean your water after exposure, removing microbes, bacteria, copper, lead, and chlorides. This ensures the health and safety of your employees and visitors.













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Chloramines in Your Drinking Water: Safe or Harmful?

Chloramines may be something you’ve never heard of before but they’ve been in your drinking water for a while. For some cities, it’s been nearly 100 years.

Let’s back up a moment. What are chloramines and why should you be interested in them? You probably know what chlorine is and how it has been used to help disinfect drinking water before it enters your home.

Chloramines are a combination of chlorine and ammonia and that mix has caused a number of consumer concerns. One of them is that ammonia itself is a food source for bacteria which means the germs are growing and not being depleted. The next is that chloramines are corrosive and can damage copper piping.[1]

Chloramines – the plural is used because it can come in many forms depending on the pH and mineral content of the water – have been the backup disinfectant to chlorine for a long time in major cities like Cleveland, OH, Springfield, IL, and Lansing, MI. A 1998 survey done by the Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] reported that as many as 68 million Americans – that’s 1 in 5 – had been drinking water disinfected with chloramines.[2]


Why the Switch?

There is one really important reason why chloramines were added as a back up to chlorine: Chlorine dissipates quickly and the result could be that germs remain in the drinking water.

But there’s an even bigger concern about chloramines and that’s what they can do to your health. Research is currently underway to provide better answers as to why the use of chloramines to disinfect your water is risky business.

Risky Business

Exposure to chloramines in your drinking water can cause skin rashes and itching. It also doesn’t kill the pathogens that live in your water.

That may be okay for a healthy person but it isn’t for someone who has an autoimmune disease or children and the elderly.[3]

Here’s a way to find out whether your water treatment plant is using chloramines as its disinfectant: Ask for a consumer confidence report. In this report, you will see what the contaminant levels are over a certain period of time and see how that compares to the safe levels the EPA describes.[4]

If you find that your water contains chloramines, removal is the next step.

The Chloramine Removal Process

There are two good ways to remove chloramine from your water: An activated charcoal filter or use of a reverse osmosis system.


There are two types you should consider and each of them comes in either a rigid block containing activated carbon and a binder or a shell with granulated activated carbon or GAC:

  • Charred and activated coconut
  • Wood

The carbon absorbs the chloramine but there is a caveat: Once the carbon filter wears out, you must replace it.

Reverse Osmosis

Reverse osmosis systems are a great choice for your workplace to provide clean, fresh drinking water for your employees and guests. One of the most important things to consider when choosing a reverse osmosis system is to make sure the chloramines are removed using a chloramine filter before the water gets to the reverse osmosis membrane.

PWT products utilize both GAC filter and Reverse Osmosis. It even includes a 4th coconut fiber filter for added filtering & taste benefits.

Make sure to see the certifications provided by any point of use water filtration system before buying the product. They should carry the WQA gold seal as well as ISO 9001 and 14001.






Do You Know What’s Lurking In Your Office Water?

Think about your drinking water in the office. What’s in there besides water? Usually it’s the tap water you worry most about when it comes to bacteria and contaminants.

In order to combat the uncertainty of municipal water, many offices opt for bottled water as their go-to solution to provide clean, safe water to their employees and customers.

Makes perfect sense. Or so you would think.

Can Tap Water Be Cleaner Than Bottled Jug Water?

That sounds crazy, but it’s true and here’s why: Bottled water is considered an “open” system. This makes it extremely susceptible to airborne contaminants. Everything that comes in contact with the bottle and spigot comes in contact with your drinking water.

Here’s an example. Let’s say your HR manager just got back from the vacation of a lifetime to an under developed island. He interacted with the locals and had a fantastic time. Ideal, right?

Not so ideal when he returns with an infection but doesn’t know it yet. He regularly uses a refillable water bottle and fills up from the bottle in the office. As the infection ramps up, he gets more dehydrated and fills up more often.

If someone in your office is sick, those germs will spread throughout the office when the bottle comes close to – or even in contact with – the bottle’s spigot.

Germs run rampant in a water cooler. In fact, National Science Foundation International states that 2.7 million germs can be found in one square inch of a water cooler.[1]

Tap Water Has Its Issues Too

While tap water may be cleaner than your current bottle system, it has its own issues and that comes in the form of TDS.

What is TDS?

It’s the acronym for Total Dissolved Solids and contains exactly what it sounds like. Particle-sized solids of metal, minerals and salts that can contaminate your tap water. Some of these can be beneficial to your health but tap water can also pick up dangerous contaminants from both natural and man-made sources.

For TDS, the lower the number the better, but a higher number doesn’t always signal a health risk. It really depends on the types of TDS found in your office water.

For instance, inorganic salts like calcium, magnesium or potassium aren’t harmful. But if you have a high TDS number for things like arsenic, aluminum or lead, there’s a huge health risk.[2]

Testing both your tap and cooler water with a TDS meter can give you the information you need to make an informed decision.

How a Multistage Purification System with Reverse Osmosis Can Help

Did you know there’s another drinking water option for your office besides tap water or a bottled water cooler? It’s a bottleless multistage purification system that you can set and forget.

One of the key features in this type of system is something called reverse osmosis. Before we jump into exactly what that is, let’s look at its opposite: Osmosis.

Osmosis is defined as, “The passage or diffusion of water or other solvents through a semipermeable membrane that blocks the passage of dissolved solutes.”[3]

The process of osmosis occurs when a lower concentrated solution (something like a sugar) filters its solvent (water) to a higher concentrated solution by moving through a membrane to create an equal balance between the two.

Reverse osmosis is the opposite, it separates the solute from the solvent by filtering contaminants out of drinking water.

For the best water purification system to keep your employees and clients healthy and happy, look for one with a multistage reverse osmosis system.





Bottled Water’s Dirty Little Secrets!

Just when you think you might be safe avoiding germs and contaminants, bottled water rears its ugly head and exposes its dirty little secrets.

You might think that a 5-gallon jug of bottled water is the best method to keep workers healthy and safe but the opposite is true and here’s why. Someone has to lift that gigantic bottle of water (and possibly hurt themselves in the meantime) to get it into the cooler.

So what’s the big deal?

The Mouth and the Spout

The problem is that someone has to place their hand(s) on the mouth of the jug as it’s being lifted and shoved into place. And then there’s the spout — that little dispensing mechanism — as well as its internal working parts. They are breeding grounds for dispensing germs along with your water.

Here’s how it happens. Susie from Accounting regularly fills her water bottle from the cooler in the break room. Susie doesn’t know it yet but she was exposed to the flu when she went to a rock concert this past weekend.

She places the mouth of her bottle under the water cooler spigot – the very bottle she’s been sipping from all morning because she feels dehydrated from the fever she’s starting to spike – and now you have the whole office exposed to the same flu Susie is coming down with.[1]

Cleaning the Cooler

Yes, even water coolers need to be cleaned. This may be overlooked because you might think that since bottle coolers use a safe plastic jug, it doesn’t need maintenance right?


National Science Foundation International states that 2.7 million germs can be found in one square inch of a water cooler.

The spigot should be soaked in boiling water to kill any germs and then use a brush on the reservoir and spigot.[2]

Lifting Jugs Can Be Harmful, Too

The water jugs that are commonly used in offices weigh about 40 pounds. It’s not uncommon to injure your back, arms or hands trying to lift and position the water jug into the cooler.

And, yes, you may lift it properly with your legs but then you have to navigate getting the bottle positioned correctly to go into the small space for the neck of the jug, but what happens when you’re off balance? You could easily drop the jug and hurt yourself.

And Then There’s BPA

The five-gallon water jugs commonly used in offices frequently can leach a chemical called BPA. Short for Bisphenol A, BPA has been linked to breast and prostate cancer, heart disease and cognitive problems in addition to asthma and diabetes.

Babies and youngsters are particularly at risk because they metabolize BPA far slower than adults. Here’s a scary statistic from the Environmental Working Group as reported by The Huffington Post: In a recent study, nine out of 10 babies had BPA in their umbilical cord blood.[3]

Our Planet’s Health is at Risk

Manufacturing the bottles used for bottled water is taking a huge toll on the health of our planet. These companies throw millions of pollutants into the atmosphere during manufacturing and transportation. The water from remote sources is also processed and packaged into petroleum products.

Landfills are the repositories of up to 30 million water bottles every year and that number keeps growing annually.

The answer is to move to a plastic-free water purification system, which will give your employees and their families peace of mind and a healthy alternative to plastic jugs.




Reverse Osmosis: The Key to Safe Drinking Water

The phrase “reverse osmosis” [RO] is something you may have heard recently especially with the water crisis in Michigan.

How does reverse osmosis impact your everyday drinking water? Before we jump into why it is more critical today than ever before, let’s back up and look at what osmosis is.

Osmosis and How It’s Achieved

The Encyclopedia Britannica defines osmosis as this: The passage or diffusion of water or other solvents through a semipermeable membrane that blocks the passage of dissolved solutes.[i]

In the case of water filtration, water is considered the solvent and something as simple as sugar would be the solute. The process of osmosis occurs when a lower concentrated solution filters its solvent to a higher concentrated solution by moving through a membrane to create an equal balance of solvent and solute.

 And Reverse Osmosis?

By flipping osmosis on its head, reverse osmosis separates the solute from the solvent. In terms of water filtration, particles and contaminants are filtered out of drinking water.

And that’s vitally important for home and office drinking water.

Reverse Osmosis

Our 5 Stage RO Process

While the number of stages in a reverse osmosis system aren’t set in stone, the better reverse osmosis systems have 5 important steps in the filtration process to ensure pure and clean drinking water for everyone.[ii]

  1. Sediment Removal

In stage one, the removal of sediment from water is key. Sediments can include things like silt, stones and even clay from ground water. A filter is used first so the sediment doesn’t impact the sensitive semipermeable membrane. They are suspended from the water and don’t get anywhere close to it.

  1. Carbon Block Filter

In step two, a carbon filter is used to get rid of chlorine and any other chemicals that could contaminate your water and harm your body. While chlorine may be beneficial in swimming pools, it’s not a good addition to your cells and organs.

  1. Reverse Osmosis Membrane

Third, this stage is where reverse osmosis really does its thing. If there are any heavy metals present in the source water – and this includes any radioactive metals – they are filtered out by the semipermeable membrane. Following this procedure, the impurities are drained and the clean water is segregated.

  1. Granular Activated Carbon Filter

In this fourth step, the water has become nearly clean by passing through another filter. The carbon filter is typically dense and compact and leaves any contaminants that could cause unpleasant taste behind.

  1. UV Disinfection/ Activated Oxygen Injection

Finally, in step five, bad odor and the bacteria that can cause it are removed and clean, pure water flows from your POU water cooler.

Look for a Multi-Stage Purification Process

Keeping your employees happy and healthy includes a source of pure and clean drinking water every day. Make sure to find a system that includes reverse osmosis in a multi-stage purification process for best results.




Bottleless Water Coolers: Save on Cost and Keep Employees Healthy

Bottleless Water Coolers

Does your office still use those clunky, 5-gallon plastic jugs for water? While they were a great solution back in the 1970s and 1980s, they now pose enough of a health hazard … not to mention skyrocketing cost … that they have worn out their welcome in many companies.

Five-gallon jugs not only have an increased risk for BPA contamination but even the BPA-free bottles have their own issues like leaching even more harmful chemicals into your water supply.[1]

Potential Health Issues of 5-Gallon Jugs

The safety of plastics containing Bisphenol A [BPA] has been a front and center issue for years. The Food and Drug Administration has banned BPA in plastics used for baby bottles and small water bottles.

What is BPA exactly? It’s an industrial chemical used in making rigid plastics that mimics human estrogen. Research studies have tied BPA exposure to polycystic ovary disease as well as potential risk of miscarrying a child.[2]

New research suggests that any exposure to BPA can have such a lasting effect that it can increase the possibility of disease in future generations. Frederick vom Saal from the University of Missouri-Columbia reports that, “A chemical like BPA reprograms your cells and ends up causing a disease in your grandchild that kills him.” [3]



Here’s where it gets even more worrisome. A peer-reviewed study published in Environmental Health Perspectives reports that all plastic containers that are commercially made – whether they claimed they were BPA-free or not – leach estrogen disruptors. And some of those marked BPA-free were worse when it came to leaching chemicals with estrogenic activity than their BPA-containing brethren.[4]

Open Water Systems’ Dirty Secrets

When you provide bottled water in the 5-gallon jug size, you have what is considered an open water system. The reason is because the unit is open to outside contaminants. First, someone has to lift the 5-gallon jug onto the water cooler base. Someone who might have germy hands. Once those germs touch the neck of that bottle, they become part of the water system for the entire office.

Another scenario that could spread germs throughout the office is when a co-worker refills a bottle they drink from regularly. What if that employee is starting to get a cold or the flu and puts the mouth of his or her water bottle under the spigot? This could lead to office-wide sick days.[5]

Not to mention, the air that enters the jug when the water leaves, creates opportunities for bacteria, dust and algae spores to get into the water your employees rely on.

How to Keep Your Water Costs Down and Your Employees Healthy

Price is also something you should keep in mind. You could spend as much as $4,500 per year for a 100-person office [assuming each person drinks an average of 16 ounces per day].[6] And that price may be on the low side when you factor in the costs of shipping (fuel, labor and delivery) and increased consumption during the warmer months.

What’s the answer?

A Closed Point-of-Use System

An in-house closed point-of-use system provides the cost and health savings you want for your office. These are bottleless, state-of-the-art water purifiers that eliminate any concern for spreading germs at work and include multi-step purification processes that give you and your employees the cleanest water available.








Dirty Hands, Dirty Water

Dirty Hands, Dirty Water

Imagine this scenario: Your 5-gallon water jug in the office breakroom is empty. You wait for someone to change it but everyone else is waiting, too.

Finally, you direct Dave the intern to pluck the empty bottle from its perch, leaving the reservoir open to the world and everything in it as he goes down to your overcrowded storage room and crawls over piles of empty jugs in search of a full one.

With one hand on the new bottle’s neck, Dave the intern grabs the jug, lumbers back over to the breakroom and hurls the new bottle’s neck down inside the open reservoir.

It’s not until you really think about what just happened that you get grossed out by it – that whatever was on Dave the intern’s hands is now living in your water reservoir.

Why Hands are a Roiling Germy Mess

While washing your hands is a smart idea … particularly if you have touched raw meat or touched something a coworker just handled and they have the sniffles … there are a set of myths surrounding hand washing with antibacterial soap that need to have some light cast upon them.

 Commonly Held Beliefs About Antibacterial Soap – And Why They May Be Wrong

 Washing your hands is a good practice especially when working in an office with others. And that is never more important than during cold and flu season in the winter.

The problem with these beliefs is that many have come to rely solely on antibacterial soaps or even hand sanitizers to be the sole guardian of good health. There’s no question that washing your hands is good protection against disease.

But an antibacterial soap isn’t a critical part of the equation as you may have been led to believe.[1] Plain soap and warm water and lathering your hands thoroughly up to the wrist works every bit as well.

Also, the skin on your hands is your best line of defense not the soap so obsessive hand washing will just result in red, cracked hands not the world’s cleanest tools.[2]

A study done at the University of Colorado showed that there are over 300,000 distinct bacteria on a human hand and that the specific species that live on anyone’s hand is vastly different.[3]

Back to Dave, the Intern

So now you may be re-thinking sending Dave down to the storage area to fetch the bottle of water. But Dave isn’t the only one who could potentially handle a 5 gallon bottle for the break room.

And it isn’t just Dave’s hands, either. It’s the risk of an open water system.

It is extremely susceptible to airborne contaminants such as germs, bacteria, dust, and algae spores. Over time, these impurities grow and multiply inside the reservoir, creating a slimy biofilm on your water cooler’s walls. This is downright dangerous for your employees and a real liability to your business. And yet, when was the last time you had the inside of your water cooler cleaned?

The Solution

Dump your office open water system altogether and purify your water with a bottleless water cooler.